You’re Cleaning Mushrooms Wrong was written by Mark Bittman for Medium/Heated, 17 September 2019.  Huh?  YUP!

Whether you cook mushrooms constantly, infrequently, or somewhere in between, there’s a decent chance you’re cleaning them wrong.  There’s this myth that you should never ever wash mushrooms because they’ll absorb too much water. Instead, what we’ve been taught to do is daintily wipe the dirt off with a damp cloth or paper towel.

This is maddeningly slow and a huge waste of time. . Yes, mushrooms are porous, and if you leave them sitting in a bowl of water they will soak it up like a sponge. But a quick blast of running water to wipe the dirt off will not make them any worse for wear, and will save you a lot of time and frustration in the kitchen.

  Read more:  You’re Cleaning Mushrooms Wrong


Why Dietitians Won’t Shut Up About Nuts was discussed by Cassie Shortsleeve for Medium/Elemental, 24 October 2019. 

In 1990, Joan Sabaté, MD, DrPH, executive director of the Center for Nutrition at the School of Public Health at Loma Linda University, was studying the potential effects of walnuts on heart health. At the time, thinking that nuts could have any health benefits was a long shot. Almost relegated to the realm of “forbidden foods,” nuts were known for being high in fat and calories. They were far from a health food.

Yet Sabaté’s results, which he published in a landmark study in a 1993 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, fundamentally changed how health experts thought about nuts. The study highlighted both their nutritional powers and cholesterol-lowering abilities, which worked to improve cardiovascular health.  Since then, hundreds of studies that have expanded and confirmed a wide variety of health benefits of nuts — perhaps part of the reason you’re snacking them today.

One aspect of this nutrition density comes down to the “healthy” fats all nuts contain. “Nuts really helped the whole conversation about different types of fat,” explains Wendy Bazilian, DrPH, RD, a dietitian and doctor of public health who studied at Loma Linda University. Nuts are full of both polyunsaturated and monounsaturated, “heart-healthy,” “good” fats, she says. Adding them into your diet to replace other kinds of fats — such as the saturated kinds found in fatty cuts of beef or store-bought treats — can have anti-inflammatory and other benefits that promote heart health, Bazilian says.

On top of unsaturated and omega-3 fats (walnuts are an excellent source), which promote heart health in part by reducing irregular heartbeats and lowering cholesterol, nuts also contain:

    • Fiber, which is associated with lower cholesterol, gut health, and weight maintenance.
    • L-arginine, an amino acid associated with improved blood flow and the relaxation of constricted blood vessels (think: reduced risk of blood clots).
    • Vitamin E, a powerful antioxidant that can improve blood flow and prevent clotting.
    • Plant-based protein, which helps promote satiety and fullness.
    • Other unique nutrients, vitamins, and minerals, including niacin, thiamin, copper, magnesium, manganese, molybdenum, phosphorus, selenium, and zinc.

Read more: Why Dietitians Won’t Shut Up About Nuts


What Happens To Your Body When You Stop Eating Meat, According To Doctors was reported by JR Thorpe for Bustle.com, 25 October 2019. 

An increasing number of people are reducing the amount of meat they eat, or eliminating meat from their diets entirely. A study published in Nature in 2018 indicated that huge reductions in meat-eating worldwide were necessary to help avert climate catastrophe, and millennials in particular are changing their diets: data from The Economist found that 25% of all Americans between 25 and 34 say they’re either vegan or vegetarian in 2019. If you’re changing your diet to cut out meat entirely, though, you may be concerned about what happens to your body when you stop eating meat. The effects, according to experts, depend on the person — but overall, there can be benefits.

“Studies have shown that people who focus on increasing their intake of plant-based foods show lower risks of heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes and even some forms of cancer,” Dr. Penny Kris-Etherton, Ph.D., Distinguished Professor of Nutrition at Penn State and Fellow of the American Heart Association, tells Bustle. A study of over 12,000 middle-aged Americans published in the Journal of the American Heart Association in 2019 found that cutting out meat entirely was linked to a much lower risk for cardiovascular disease and heart disease-related deaths.

Going completely meat-free can also affect your gut microbiome, experts tell Bustle. “If you cut all meat out of your diet, you would likely see a positive shift in the number of beneficial bacteria in your gut,” Stephanie Papadakis, a certified holistic nutrition consultant at Gut Of Integrity, tells Bustle. “Many conventionally raised animals are given hormones and antibiotics, which can shift our own beneficial bacteria in the same way taking antibiotics can.”

Meat-free diets can change your body in other ways that could be protective against these illnesses. Studies have found that people who changed their lifestyle choices, including going meat-free, saw lengthening in their telomeres, or the small caps at the end of DNA that stop them degrading and shortening over time. Telomere shortening has been linked to breast and prostate cancers, so going meat-free might be changing your body on the genetic level — and helping to protect against cancer in the process.

The study on meat-free diets and the gut microbiome in Nature in 2019 also identified another way in which the body changes when you cut out meat: levels of systemic inflammation in the body often go down. “The reason for lower systemic inflammation in plant-based dieters could be due to the abundance of anti-inflammatory molecule intake and/or avoidance of pro-inflammatory animal-derived molecules,” the study notes.

Read more:  What Happens To Your Body When You Stop Eating Meat


18 Common Drugs Tied to Altered Gut Microbiome according to a post by Diana Swift for MedPageToday.com, 23 October 2019.  PPIs, oral antidiabetics, antibiotics, and laxatives had most impact.

Almost of half of 41 common drug classes were associated with alterations of the microbiota of the human gut, Dutch researchers reported.

Extensive changes in taxonomic structure, metabolic activity, and resistome (antibiotic-resistant genes) were seen in human fecal samples following use of 18 of 41 common drug categories, with the four most frequent culprits being proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), metformin, antibiotics, and laxatives, reported Arnau Vich Vila, MSc, of the University Medical Center Groningen at United European Gastroenterology Week in Barcelona.

“Our work highlights the importance of considering the role of the gut microbiota when designing treatments and also points to new hypotheses that could explain certain side-effects associated with medication use,” Vich Vila said. These associations need to be functionally investigated in light of the importance of the gut microbiota in health and the widespread use of many drugs.

Drug-induced changes to the gut microbiota can increase the risk of enteric infections and obesity, Vich Vila noted.

Read more:  18 Common Drugs Tied to Altered Gut Microbiome

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